Turkey (Turkiye, Anatolia, Minor Asia)
The capital of the Republic of Turkey is Ankara.
Turkey located: Bulgaria and Greece in the west; Iran, Georgia, Armenia and Nakhchivan to the east;
in the south it is adjacent to Iraq and Syria.
Turkey is divided into seven geographical regions.
The Marmara Region, The Aegean region, The Black Sea, The Central Anatolia region, The Mediterranean region, The Eastern Anatolia Region The South Eastern. Geographical regions do not have any political characteristics.
Different climate types are seen in Turkey due to the geographical location.
Terrestrial Climate in Turkey: Summers are hot and dry and winters are cold and snowy. Annual rainfall is low. Annually and daily temperature differences are high and the vegetation is steppe. Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia, Southeastern.
It is seen in a large part of Anatolia, and in the inner parts of the Aegean and Mediterranean regions.
Mediterranean Climate in Turkey: Summers are hot and dry and winters are rainy. It is seen in the Mediterranean, Aegean and Marmara coasts. However, in the Marmara Region, which is located in a transition zone, the effect of the Mediterranean climate gradually decreases from south to north.
Black Sea Climate in Turkey: All seasons are rainy and natural vegetation is forest. Most rainfall in autumn season
is in season. It is seen on the Black Sea coasts and in the north of Marmara.
Turkey is divided into provinces and districts in terms of central administration. Administrative authorities are governors in provinces and district governors in districts. Asylum seekers are given a residence permit in 62 of the 81 cities in Turkey by the Ministry of Interior.
Official Language: Turkish
State Form: Republic
Management Style: Democracy
International Dialing Code: 0090
Working hours are generally valid in western countries in Turkey. Banks and offices 09.00 - 17.30
It is open between hours. Official offices are between 12.00 - 13.00, banks are between 12.30 - 13.30
They have lunch break between hours. Government offices and banks weekends (Saturday and Sunday) is closed.
Turkish Lira is the Currency of Turkey. The sub-unit of the Turkish Lira is kurus. A Turkish
Lira (TL) is equal to one hundred Kurus (Kr).
Life Style In Turkey
With its rich culture and different traditions, the way of life in Turkey is like a mosaic full of bright colors. The surprising mix of West and East has formed the Turkish lifestyle that has been going for centuries.
Turkey's culinary culture
Turkish food culture is known as one of the best in the world. It is also regarded as one of the three great cuisines in the world with its recipes and unique flavors.
Culture and Arts
Turkey is perhaps the only country in the world that lives its Eastern and Western culture at its most extreme. Discover the perfect harmony of diversity, culture and art.
History Of Turkey
Turkey's history has a civilization of 10,000 years. Turkey is the birthplace of many great Civilizations( Prehistoric times, Anatolian civilizations, Roman period, Seljuk Empire, Ottoman Empire and modern Turkish Republic).
Turkey's Touristic Values
Turkey is among the leading countries in the world in terms of historical richness and natural beauties. Again, having various climate, plant and land forms increases the tourism potential of Turkey. We can divide Turkey's touristic values into two groups as natural beauties and historical riches.
Among the natural beauties that constitute an important part of the tourism potential in our country, sea tourism comes first. Many places have become tourism centers when maquis, oak and pine forests and deep blue gulfs are added to these beauties.
A wide variety of civilizations have been established in our country during prehistoric and historical periods. Artifacts from these civilizations have made Turkey one of the richest countries in the world in terms of historical artifacts.
City ruins from the Hittite period are found in Alacahöyük (Çorum), Kültepe (Kayseri), Aslantepe (Malatya). In addition, there are historical remains belonging to the Urartians around Lake Van, the Phrygians in the Inner West Anatolia and the Ions in the Western Anatolia.
Artifacts from the Seljuks and Ottomans (mosques, inns, baths, and cupolas) are common in almost every part of our country. Seljuk works are concentrated in Konya, Kayseri, Sivas, Diyarbakır and Erzurum, while Ottoman works are concentrated in Istanbul, Bursa and Edirne. The martyrdoms made in memory of our soldiers who were martyred in the Çanakkale War and the areas where the War of Independence took place are among the places that attract many tourists.
Development of Tourism in Turkey and Its Place in the Economy
In order to ensure the development of tourism in our country, the "Turkish Pilgrims Association" was established in 1923 at the request of Atatürk and whose current name is "Turkey Touring and Automobile Law". This institution has made a great contribution to the restoration and opening of old artifacts.
Especially after 1985, with the increase of tourism investments, loans to the tourism sector, improvement of transportation conditions and promotional campaigns, there have been significant increases in the number of tourists coming to Turkey and the amount of income obtained.
In 2006, the income from tourism exceeded 14 billion dollars.